If your teeth are breaking ranks, you need help from outside. At the orthodontics clinic in Egerkingen, tooth and jaw displacements are corrected with fixed and removable apparatuses – better known as fixed and removable braces.
The operating principle of orthodontic treatment (ODT)
The functionality of orthodontic treatment is easy to explain: The teeth are set into motion by tractive forces acting on them. Should fixed or removable braces place continuous pressure on the teeth, a pressure zone will form on one side. This is where so-called “osteoclasts” become active and stimulate bone loss. A tensile area, where “osteoblasts” do their job, forms on the other side of the teeth. Unlike the destructive cells in the pressure zone, the little “master builders” diligently construct bone tissue.
The teeth get their mobility from so-called perforating fibres that surround the tooth in the periodontium. Their job is to absorb the pressure formed by chewing, and to protect both the teeth and the jaw bones from impact damage.
One step at a time to a beautiful smile
Depending on the indication, your orthodontist will either recommend to you or your child a multi-bracket apparatus or custom-designed, removable braces, which work following the same principle. For fixed braces, the brackets are applied directly to the teeth. Your orthodontist will then inlay a thin metal wire, or an arch. This wire is fastened onto every bracket.
During the orthodontic treatments your dentist will take care to place as little pressure as possible on the teeth, as otherwise there is a risk of damaging the roots of the teeth. The correction process requires constant, consistent pressure. Both fixed and removable braces must thus be regularly reset.
Wearers of removable braces must always make sure that they wear their “cribs” for a sufficient length of time during the day.
A retention splint ensures the treatment will be a success
Like all skeletal structures, the teeth also have a “memory”. They have a habit of shifting back into their old positions. This can be prevented with a retaining brace, or a retainer, which is applied to the incisors. With this, truly nothing can go wrong inside the mouth!
Questions and answers
How long does orthodontic treatment last?
Depending on the initial findings and the applied procedures, orthodontic treatment may last for up to two years.
What should patients take note of during their orthodontic treatment?
All ODT measures require regular, thorough dental care. This is because the edges of the brackets form an ideal breeding ground for bacteria that cause decay. If the initial signs appear, such as whitish decalcification on the surface of the tooth, the patient should immediately consult with their dentist. But it doesn’t have to get to that point! Our dental hygienists are happy to give you effective tips on cleaning your teeth, and will help you keep hard-to-reach areas clean as well.
What precautionary measures should people with braces take when eating?
Patients with fixed braces should break down hard and tough foods as best as they can before eating. If these are bitten into, the brackets can quickly become damaged or even torn out. Sweets won’t harm the corrective brackets, although there is an increased risk of decay. After eating, thorough cleaning of the teeth with fine interdental brushes is recommended. Patients should pay special attention to the edges of the brackets.